What do they eat? These sea slugs feed on anemones, small fish, sponges, coral, barnacles, and other... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. In this process, the entire top of their body twists 180 degrees on their foot. These "sea slugs" eat hydroids and anemones, which are armed with nematocysts (stinging capsules). Sapsuckers, sea hares, side-gilled slugs and bubble shells or headshield slugs are not technically nudibranchs, and they have their own pages (unless otherwise specified). Contact us if you have any questions. Bergia NUdibranchs live about 10 to 12 months as long as they have Aiptasia anemones to eat. You might find nudibranchs in your local tide pool, while snorkeling or diving on a tropical coral reef, or even in some of the coldest parts of the ocean or in thermal vents. What you eat affects your body, but you don't really turn into the food you eat! Nudibranchs thrive in an enormous variety of underwater environments, from shallow, temperate, and tropic reefs to Antarctica and even hydrothermal vents. Favorinus) or, on some occasions, are cannibals and prey on members of their own species. Nudibranchs are hermaphrodites, meaning that they have reproductive organs of both sexes. The most likely nudibranchs you will see will be from the genus Phestilla. Berghia can not get into filters and other equipment. These get the bright colors from the food they eat. answer! Aeolid nudibranchs have cerata or finger-like appendages that cover their back. Is It a Worm? - Definition, Characteristics & Anatomy, Phylum Mollusca: Digestive, Nervous & Circulatory Systems, What is a Crustacean? Some nudibranchs that eat hydroids or anemones can store the nematocysts of their prey, using it for defense later on. They come in an astonishingly wide variety of colors and shapes—many have brightly colored stripes or spots and flamboyant appendages on their head and back. Nudibranchs get their bright colors from the food they eat. Nudibranchs generally crawl around looking for food, but some can be surprising mobile and launch themselves into the water column when their feel threatened. Others have evolved other ways of farming zooxanthellae, housing them in their digestive gland. M.S., Resource Administration and Management, University of New Hampshire, B.S., Natural Resources, Cornell University. Info. They have rare or novel chemical compounds which possess anti-microbial and anti-parasitic traits which may aid in the fight against cancer. Berghia Nudibranch Small 1/4. The nudibranch absorbs the algae's chloroplasts (zooxanthellae) into the cerata, which acquire nutrients by photosynthesis using the sun to sustain the nudibranch for months. Only one species of nudibranch, the Pteraeolidia ianthina, exhibits parental care by guarding the newly-laid egg masses. What they eat and how: Nudibranchs are exclusively carnivorous, and, depending on the family and the species, often feed on a specific species of prey. - Definition, Characteristics & Types, Phylum Annelida: Characteristics, Classes & Examples, Phylum Echinodermata: Definition, Characteristics & Examples, Phylum Nematoda: Classes, Characteristics & Examples, Class Osteichthyes: Characteristics & Examples, Phylum Porifera: Definition, Characteristics & Examples, Characteristics of Arthropods Lesson for Kids, Protostomes: Definition and Characteristics, Bony Fish: Characteristics, Anatomy & Types, ISEB Common Entrance Exam at 11+ Science: Study Guide & Test Prep, ScienceFusion The Human Body: Online Textbook Help, Prentice Hall Physical Science: Online Textbook Help, Holt Science Spectrum - Physical Science: Online Textbook Help, ScienceFusion The Diversity of Living Things: Online Textbook Help, Human Anatomy & Physiology: Help and Review, High School Biology: Homework Help Resource, Praxis Biology (5235): Practice & Study Guide, Introduction to Environmental Science: Help and Review, Middle School Life Science: Homework Help Resource, Introduction to Physical Geology: Help and Review, Middle School Life Science: Tutoring Solution, Biological and Biomedical Nudibranchs lay masses of spiral-shaped or coiled eggs, which are for the most part left on their own. They are mostly scavengers that is they eat dead organic matter .They mostly live on bottom and eat dead bodies falling from above . This species eats the Portuguese man- o-war and stores its venom for its own use, which may sting humans. What kind of mollusk includes snails and slugs? Nudibranchs are carnivores, meaning that they eat other animals. These colors may be used for camouflage or to warn predators of the poison that lies within. Zoanthid eating nudibranchs and Tubastrea eating nudibranchs are both types of Aeolid nudibranch. While most are found on the ocean floor, some can swim short distances in the water column by flexing their muscles. Some feed on sponges , others on polyps , others on bryozoans , and some eat other sea slugs, or, on … Nudibranch is picky eaters-individual species or families of nudibranchs may eat only one kind of prey. Scientists study nudibranchs because of their complex chemical makeup and adaptations. All rights reserved. Berghia sea slugs only eat Aiptasia, they do not eat Majano. Become a Study.com member to unlock this Create your account. What do they eat? #1) If I get Berghia Nudibranchs will they eat any of my corals? Nudibranchs are found in all the world's oceans, from cold water to warm water. This is all that they eat and will starve without aiptasia to eat. Nudibranchs come in a staggering variety of shapes and sizes.
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