Theories of obligation: Morality involves impartial duty, the moral persons listens to reason. They noted that in popular thinking, morality and religion are inseparable and that people generally accept that morality can be understood only in the framework of religion. Moral Problems sold 100,000 copies over three editions. The Ethics of Virtue and the Ethics of Right Action about any matters greatly questions start with. II. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. ISBN 978-0-07-811906-4 (alk. “Elements of Moral Philosophy" makes use of the debate about homosexuality and carries it through until the end of the chapter showing how certain statements one could make about the issue are all moral opinions, rather than straight facts thus no one can be right. Moral philosophy has three branches. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) and what it means. From Plato to Foucault, we break down the main ideas in philosophical thought. ", benevolence, civility, compassion, conscientiousness, cooperativeness, courage, dependability, diligence, fairness, friendliness, generosity, honesty, justice, loyalty, moderation, patience, prudence, reasonableness, resourcefulness, self-discipline, self-reliance, tactfulness, thoughtfulness, tolerance, Moral motivation and Doubts about the "ideal" of impartiality. Oh no! In 1975, Rachels wrote “Active and Passive Euthanasia,” arguing that the distinction so important in the law between killing and letting die has no rational basis. Originally appearing in the New England Journal of Medicine, this essay has been reprinted roughly 300 times and is a staple of undergraduate education. The Elements of Moral Philosophy is a 1986 ethics textbook by the philosophers James Rachels and Stuart Rachels.It explains a number of moral theories and topics, including cultural relativism, subjectivism, divine command theory, ethical egoism, social contract theory, utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, and deontology.The book uses real-life examples in explaining the theories. Elements of moral philosophy. Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, this concise, lively book takes the reader on an in-depth tour of the major moral theories, always illustrating abstract ideas with concrete examples. Chapter 15. Virtue theory: Being a moral person is having certain traits of character (virtues); e.g., being kind, generous, courageous, just a. Virtue theory goes well with both public and private life He taught at the University of Richmond, New York University, the University of Miami, Duke University, and the University of Alabama at Birmingham, where he spent the last twenty-six years of his career. Study The Elements of Moral Philosophy discussion and chapter questions and find The Elements of Moral Philosophy study guide questions and answers. “Elements of Moral Philosophy" Summary of Chapter 12 Although this chapter of “Elements of Moral Philosophy" begins with an implicit statement about how those “old" notions about how men versus women think, the author does not recognize that despite modern feminist criticism such as that cited, these stereotypes are still quite present. The text's versatility makes it an ideal choice for use not only in ethical theory courses, but also in applied ethics courses of all kinds. He received his Ph.D. in 1967 from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Chapter 10: Kant and Respect for Persons. This concise and highly engaging resource is tailored to the Ethics components of AQA Philosophy and OCR Religious Studies, with a clear and practical layout that includes end-of-chapter summaries, key terms, and common mistakes to avoid. “ The conscientious moral agent is someone who is concerned impartially with the interests of everyone affected by what he or she does; who carefully sifts facts and examines their implications; who accepts principles of conduct only after scrutinizing them to make sure they are sound; who is willing to “listen to reason” even when it means that earlier convictions may have to be revised; … has a different draw- back. Changes in the new edition, chapters 9-13. CHAPTER 12 Virtue Ethics. 25. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 1971 saw the publication of Rachels groundbreaking textbook Moral Problems, which ignited the movement in America away from teaching ethical theory towards teaching concrete practical issues. Some writers believe that Virtue Ethics should be understood as an alternative to the other theories. 11.2. Implications for Moral Judgment 11.3. Be the first to share your thoughts on this title. Chapter 17. It explores the nature of morality and examines how people should live their lives in relation to others. THE ELEMENTS OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY not are the his knowing best. Created from Animals (1990) argued that a Darwinian world-view has widespread philosophical implications, including drastic implications for our treatment of nonhuman animals. Chapter Summary. It is generally agreed that this sort of unselfish behavior is sometimes required by morality, although there is considerable disagreement as to how much of it is required. The honest person is truthful as a matter of course; her actions "spring from a firm and unchangeable character. Can Ethics Provide Answers? Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. (1997) was Rachels first collection of papers (others are expected posthumously). A summary of Part X (Section5) in 's Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831). The Elements of Moral Philosophy by James Rachels and Stuart Rachels is a best-selling text for undergraduate courses in ethics.Thirteen thought-provoking chapters introduce readers to major moral concepts and theories in philosophy through clear, understandable explanations and … Over his career, Rachels wrote 5 books and 85 essays, edited 7 books and gave about 275 professional lectures. He has revised. (5/e, 173) Examples from Chapter 12, "The Ethics of Virtue" "With the coming of Christianity a new set of ideas was introduced." Condition: Standard The End of Life (1986) was about the morality of killing and the value of life. Hobbes’s moral philosophy, and discusses how differences in the interpretation of Hobbes’s moral philosophy can be traced to differing understandings of Hobbes’s laws of nature. Philosophy. VIRTUE ETHICS VERSUS OTHER TYPES OF ETHICS (ETHICS OF DUTY/RIGHT ACTION) 2. Rachels McGraw-Hill textbook, The Elements of Moral Philosophy, is now in its fourth edition and is easily the best-selling book of its kind. Responsibility James Rachels. (6/e, 158) "The Greeks had viewed reason as the source of practical wisdom--the virtuous life was, for them, inseparable from the life of reason." Samenvatting The elements of moral philosophy James Rachels and Stuart Rachels Aantekeningen Praktische filosofie, college 1-10 Samenvatting Recht in Context Sanne Taekema, Jeanne Gaakeer, Marc Loth Summary Organizational Behaviour Chapter 1-15 Summary Leadership: Theory and Practice Chapter 1-4, 6, 8,9,11,12,14 Book solution "Microeconomics and Behavior", Robert H. Frank; Ian C. … 2. courage. Ethical subjectivism has undergone a number of changes. Through this conceptual framework, the text addresses timely and provocative issues, including abortion, racism, euthanasia, poverty, marijuana, homosexuality, the death penalty, and vegetarianism. One branch, meta-ethics, investigates big picture questions such as, “What is morality?” “What is justice?” “Is there truth?” […] Summary on the Elements of Moral Philosophy by James Rachels pp. The Ethics of Virtue and the Ethics of Right Action 12.2. 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