Accuracy: Who is responsible for the authenticity, fidelity and accuracy of information? Information systems should protect the sanctity of intellectual property to avoid the indignities of unwitting "disemmindment" of knowledge from individuals. Information ethics has been defined as "the branch of ethics that focuses on the relationship between the creation, organization, dissemination, and use of information, and the ethical standards and moral codes governing human conduct in society". From this vantage point we may anticipate some of the problems of the information society. It is ripe for privacy invasion and other abuses. Prior to their invention, vast quantities of data about publications, news events, economic and social statistics, and scientific findings have been available in printed, microfilm, or microfiches form at a relatively low cost. How is the contributor of his knowledge to be compensated? At stake with the use of nuclear energy is the very survival of mankind itself. Ethical Issues of Information Age . It is because the bringing together of disparate data makes the development of new information relationships possible. Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas. They sued the bank. So it is our responsibility to be vigilant in the pursuit of accuracy in information. – One must have access to the information technologies which store, convey and process information. This data is then transmitted to a National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration computer which analyzes it and produces forecasts. Each person thus radiates hundreds of such threads, which all together, run into the millions. energy and information called quanta, that Max Plank bequesterd to us some 85 years ago, are used to create the kind of world in which we wish to live. Get this from a library! 53. It stems from the collection of attributes about ourselves and use of the logical connector “and”. As early as 1966 Representative Frank Horton of New York described the threat as follows: “The argument is made that a central data bank would use only the type of information that now exists and since no new principle is involved, existing types of safe-guards will be adequate. There is undoubtedly a harbinger of things to come in these 18th century events. Access Our main avenue to information is through literacy. It is a "commons". More than 60,000 state and local agencies, for example provide information tot he National Crime Information Center and it is accessed by law officers nearly 400,000 times a day. When “C” is added to the list of conjunctions, the possessor of the new information will know even more about me. Two forces threaten our privacy. He always checked with care to insured that the teller had stamped “paid” in his book on the proper line just opposite the month for which the payment was due. It was published by Pearson and has a total of 568 pages in the book. The weavers themselves, however, suffered unemployment and degradation because their craft was no longer economically viable. It is a question that should especially concern those of us in the MIS community for we are in the forefront of creating this new society. This leads to a concern for accuracy. At the same time computer usage flourishes among some, we are creating a large group of information poor people who have no direct access to the more efficient computational technology and who have little training in its use. It can be the source of many benefits but it can also create new opportunities for invading your privacy, and enabling the reckless use of that information in a variety of decisions about you. In summary, we must insure that the flow of those little packets of, This originally appeared as an Issues & Opinion article in: Management Information Systems Quarterly (10:1) March, 1986. feeling that this was an invasion of their privacy and a violation of their rights. It is scattered in little bits and pieces across the geography and years of our life. 1 Four ethical issues of the information age. So why do we integrate databases in the first place. These are among the issues we must resolve as more intelligent information systems are created. He had made his payment he claimed. In light of recent proposals to develop a central federal databank consisting of files from most U.S. government agencies, this story takes on new meaning. And this growth in information also raises another issue: Who owns it? On the other hand, it provides powerful political knowledge for those few who have access to it and control over it. Thus the educational and economic ante is really quite high for playing the modern information game. For example, I may authorize one institution to collect information “A” about me, and another institution to collect information “B” about me; but I might not want anyone to possess “A and B” about me at the same time. The teller punched Marches’ loan number on the keyboard and reviewed the resulting screen. With Richard O. Mason. We must assume some responsibility for the social contract that emerges from the systems that we design and implement. Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems T echnology can be a double-edged sword. Then its capacity is gone. With this technological innovation Lyon eventually regained its position as one of the leading silk producers in the world. 1 Four ethical issues of the information age. In the new social contract, information systems should not unduly invade a person’s privacy to avoid the indignities that the students in Tallahassee suffered. But if the social checks on the expanded use of bandwidth are inadequate, and a certain egree of temperance isn’t followed, we may find that jamming and noise will destroy the flow of clear information through the air. THE ETHICAL ISSUES OF THE INFORMATION AGE The information age as defined by generation of today is growing up surrounded with intellectual capital that is formed through the use of information. With this technological innovation Lyon eventually regained its position as one of the leading silk producers in the world. Deontology theory condemns the action of collecting people’s information without consent. A central data bank removes completely this safeguard. Accessibility: What information does a person or an organization have a right or a privilege to obtain, under what conditions and with what safeguards? Several studies were commissioned. If we are unwise we will either blow our severs up or contaminate our world forever with nuclear waste. Information systems should protect the viabilit of the fixed conduit resource through which it is transmitted to avoid noise and jamming pollution and the indignitties of "The Tragedy of the Commons". Under what conditions? The source of the fatal error was failure of a large scale information system which collects data from high atmosphere balloons, satellites, ships, and a series of buoys. As early as 1966 Representative Frank Horton of New York described the threat as follows: "The argument is made that a central data bank would use only the type of information that now exists and since no new principle is involved, existing types of safe-guards will be adequate. It seems that a couple of programmers at the city of Chicago's computer center began matching tape files from many of the city's different data processing applications on name and I.D. In effect the State argues that the value of the information to the administrators was greater than any possible indignities suffered by the students and others. Sometime during this melee Marches, who until this time had done his own legal work, was introduced to an attorney who agreed to defend him. Introduction 3. In the end, however, the commons was destroyed and everybody lost. Soon they uncovered the names of several employees who were still listed on the register but who had not paid a variety of fees, a few of whom appeared in the files of the alcoholic and drug abuse program. And third, they are able to pay the fees for the data. The answer was that no one knew. One is the growth of information technology, with its enhanced capacity for surveillance, communication, computation, storage, and retrieval. Four Ethical Issues of the Information Age. From this vantage point we may anticipate some of the problems of the information society. As they unfolded civilization witnessed on of the greatest outpouring of moral philosophy it has ever seen: Adam Smith’s Theory of Moral Sentiments and his Wealth of Nations; the American revolution and its classic documents on liberty and freedom; the French revolution and its concern for fraternity and equality; John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham and their ethical call for the greatest good for the greatest number, and Immanuel Kant and his categorical imperative which leads to an ethical utopia called the “kingdom of ends.
2020 four ethical issues of the information age summary