It bursts into three to four sections to release its seeds. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides If you want to achieve quick shade in a large open space, Eastern Cottonwood is a fine choice. Well suited along streams, riverbanks, swamps and in lowland, rain gardens and rural areas. Flower & fruit Catkins (flowering body of the tree) grow differently on male and female trees, along with sticky fragrant leaf buds, and are among the first signs of spring. In 2012, it had a measured circumference of 557 inches (14,100 mm), height of 102 feet (31 m), and a spread of 149.5 feet (45.6 m). The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. The Eastern Cottonwood is from eastern North America and typically found growing along streams, rivers, and in lowland areas and swamps, and here in Houston, we like to plant them as a showy, fast-growing shade tree! Fruit Characteristics. It tolerates a wide range of soil pH, 4.5-8.0. and can withstand occasional flooding. Flowers on the eastern cottonwood species are reddish on male trees and yellowish-green on female trees. Fruits: Eastern Cottonwoods produce green capsule-looking fruits containing multiple cottony seeds. Cottonwood Tree Cottonwood seeds collecting on the ground (Photo By: EnLorax G. Edward Johnson / Wikimedia Commons) The eastern cottonwood tree (Populous deltoides) is a native North American tree that is common in eastern and central United States as well as southern Canada.Many people recognize this tree from the cottony substance that falls from the trees in early summer. Male flowers are reddish pint and droop down in a catkin shape and are ¾–1¼ inches (2–3 cm) long and female ones are larger, 3–8 inches (8–20 cm) long catkins. The common name of cottonwood comes from the appearance of these hairs, which resemble cotton. Flower: Species is dioecious; male and female as pendulous catkins, appearing before the leaves. The largest known P. fremontii tree in the United States grows in Skull Valley, Arizona. Eastern cottonwood leaves are triangular (deltoid) with curved teeth along the edges. Their botanical name is Populus deltoi This giant may grow 24+" annually, once established. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. Plant in the full sun and moist, well-drained soil, preferably within 15-50 ft above stream level. Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit. eastern cottonwood Salicaceae Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall symbol: PODE3 Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, triangular (deltoid) in shape with a crenate/serrate margin. The Freemont Cottonwood's fruit differs in that it is light brown and egg-shaped. Cottonwood Fruit Cluster on Sandy River Bank Cottonwood bears its seeds in drooping clusters 5–10 inches long; the capsules are widest at the base, about ¼ inch long, splitting into 2–4 parts; the numerous seeds each have a tuft of cottony hairs. The fruits of Black Cottonwoods are similar except they have a hairy appearance. Cottonwood tree identification. This is the largest of the North American poplar trees. The bark is smooth and silvery-white when young and becomes hard, gray, and deeply fissured as the tree matures. other fruit (not cone, winged, acorn, or in pod or capsule) fruit in small capsules along stem; capsule with floss and disk at base; thick walled, bead shaped; Cottonwood (Eastern Cottonwood) Populus deltoides.
2020 eastern cottonwood fruit