In the depths of winter, indoor-blooming amaryllis (Hippeastrum x hybridum) lift snow-chilled spirits with enormous, long-lasting red, white or pink blooms. To promote blooming, use a houseplant fertilizer with a high phosphorus content. At first, only water when the top inch of the soil feels dry. After danger of frost, you can move it outside for the summer. Care Notes. Keep them away from freezing windows and drying radiators. Add an inch or two of growing medium into the container, then hold the bulb just over it, roots-down. However, this disease is not usually fatal to the plant. Avoid letting the bulb sit in wet soil, and avoid pouring water down into the crown of the bulb. Keep away from pets and children. Water and fertilize as noted above in After-flowering care. If the bulb does not produce a flowering stalk the next blooming period, it is likely that has not stored enough nutrients during the post-blooming period. Add more soil, tapping it down around the bulb, until one-third to one-half of the bulb remains visible. Whether purchasing a bare bulb to plant or bulbs planted in a pot, the size and condition of bulbs will influence amaryllis performance. The secret to keeping amaryllis thriving for years is to keep the plants actively growing AFTER they have finished blooming. Good drainage will minimize the chance of bulb or root rot (rotting from excess moisture). Amaryllis plants bloom best when they grow in a container with little extra space (potbound). Containers may be made of plastic, metal, ceramic or terracotta. Fertilize amaryllis each time you water at half the recommended strength when new growth is visible (including on newly purchased bulbs). Bulbs should be firm and dry with no signs of mold, decay or injury. The initial placement is to put the plant in filtered sunlight and then gradually move it to full sun where it will receive a minimum of six hours of sunlight a day. Regents of the University of Minnesota. These leaves will promote photosynthesis. The amaryllis should stay outdoors for two to three months until you can begin growing it indoors again. The bulb will be ready to bloom in early winter, around November, and most stalks will produce two to four flowers. The amaryllis originated in South America's tropical regions and has the botanical name Hippeastrum. Keep the amaryllis in a warm, bright spot with lots of direct sunlight. 2020 Read these amaryllis care instructions for more information. Two-thirds good compost mixed with one-third grit also does fine. It will continue to grow long, smooth leaves. Growing amaryllis indoors requires little of you during the first winter. ESTABLISHING THE NEW BULB Gradually move the container to a location or garden bed where it will receive full sun for at least 6 hours daily. Bring the plant indoors in mid-September. Choose bulbs with bright green new growth and without spots or visible damage. After your plant has finished blooming, place it in the sunniest possible location indoors. You also will need to water the plant about twice a week. The temperature should be around 50-60 degrees. Amaryllis plant is generally not so hard to care for. Hippeastrum spp., commonly known as the amaryllis, is a common holiday plant from the tropics of South America. The large flowers and ease with which they can be brought to bloom â¦ ... Care after the flowering period. Select a container that has one or more holes in the bottom and drains easily. There are some things that you can do to encourage re-flowering. The bulb should stay dry and the soil should be barely moist -- never soggy. Tips on Growing Amaryllis Indoors After Flowering Unlike some other bulbs, amaryllis do not require a rest or dormant period. What to do: Because control is difficult, it is best to destroy any infested bulbs as soon as the narcissus bulb fly is identified. Sit back and watch it bloom! The leaves may become distorted and the flower stalks may break easily making the plants unsightly. Water very sparingly until the sprout is well out of the bulb. With proper care, the bulb will flower again each year. Bulbs were brought to Europe in the 1700s and have been known to bloom for up to 75 years. SHOP AMARYLLIS GIFTS Near the end of summer, bring your amaryllis indoors as it prepares for its next cycle of blooms, or transition it to dormancy to time your winter blooms. Grow your amaryllis indoors during winter and spring. Do not water during this time. Sharing tips on how to grow Amaryllis Bulbs in soil, pebbles or over water and what to do with the bulbs after the flowers have stopped blooming. Set the bulb in the pot so the roots rest on the potting soil. During this resting period (dormancy), plants use very little of their energy reserves. If you know how to care for an amaryllis (Amaryllis and Hippeastrum), you can replenish your bulb after flowering and guide the amaryllis through additional growing seasons. Few bulbs are easier to grow than amaryllis â and few bloom with greater exuberance and beauty. So how then is it done, you ask. After the flowers have faded, cut them off to prevent seed formation. may lay its eggs in the bulbs of amaryllis plants that are placed outdoors for the summer. Use of insecticides is generally ineffective. Leave the potted bulb in the dark for 8 to 12 weeks. Fill the pot about half full with sterile, new potting soil high in organic matter such as peat moss. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Using clean scissors, cut the old flower, about an inch from the stem. All you need to do is keep the amaryllis watered and out of harm. © Early blooming Amaryllis produce flowers during December, whereas other late varieties may flower in January and/or February. This will eventually grow into a new bulb and can be removed and planted separately. All you need to do is keep the amaryllis watered and out of harm. Do not overwater, as this is the quickest way to kill Amaryllis. All rights reserved. Set the pot on a saucer and place in a sunny window. Poorly drained soil or soil that is constantly wet (overwatered) may also attract fungus gnats, a type of fruit fly. The bulb will be ready to bloom in early winter, around November, and most stalks will produce two to four flowers. The bulb should sit up above the edge of the container. If the bulb is â¦ Live better. Sun-part shade. This can be accomplished indoors or out, and over an extended period of time. Please reference our gardening guide on Amaryllis for more information. Fill a clear vessel with a three-inch layer of stones or pebbles. Water Planting. By cutting off the tops of the stalks down while leaving the leaves, you can allow the amaryllis to begin its re-flowering process. While growing amaryllis indoors, you should fertilize the plant every two to three weeks. Inspect the bulb periodically for mold or mildew. Plant bulbs in a clean container with sterile, new potting soil. Read more articles about Amaryllis Hippeastrum. Plants that are outdoors should be brought indoors in mid-September. Other than that, be sure you keep the plant out of harm’s way and out of direct sunlight during long portions of the day. Whether the first bulb or the fiftieth, there is high anticipation for the plant owner when the large, bright green bud emerges from a beefy amaryllis bulb! Cut back water gradually until the plant can survive on its own. These diagnostic tools will guide you step-by-step through diagnosing a plant problem or identifying a weed or insect. While the most popular colors are red and white, flowers may also be pink, salmon, apricot, rose or deep burgundy. The narcissus bulb fly (Merodon spp.) The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Today, most amaryllis are hybrids but are still classified in the genus Hippeastrum. Water sparingly. Leave the potted bulb in the dark for 8 to 12 weeks. Amaryllis like their soil rich, but exceptionally well-drained, so create a mix from one part well-rotted manure, one part horticultural grit or sand, and two parts leaf mould. Red blotch (Stagonospora curtissi) is a fungus disease that may affect both the appearance and the health of amaryllis plants. Set the pot in a sink where it can drain freely and water until the potting soil is thoroughly moist. This will help build up nutrients in the bulb for flower production the next year. The bloom is a spectacular flower six inches across with two to four blossoms produced on tall sturdy stems. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Flowers usually develop in about 4 to 6 weeks from dormant bulbs. Amaryllis bulbs are a lovely and easy to grow bulb that come in a variety of festive colors. The bulb is depleted of minerals after flowering, but the stalks remain. Frequently seen around the Christmas holiday, indoor forced amaryllis (Hippeastrum spp.) As the leaves brown, cut them off to keep them from drawing nutrients from the plant. A green stem will continue to promote photosynthesis, which creates energy that is stored in the bulb for future leaf growth and flowers. If after 8 to 12 weeks, no new growth has appeared, remove the potted bulb from the dark and place in a sunny location. When the flowers and stem fade, trim the stem down within 1-2 inches of the neck â¦ Feed and Donât Overwater. Just plant the bulb in good potting soil, water regularly and provide bright, indirect light. Growing amaryllis indoors requires little of you during the first winter. If the disease persists, the bulbs may be treated with a systemic fungicide. Although most amaryllis bulbs are forced indoors using soil, they can also be easily rooted and grown in water too. Fertilize the plant once or twice a month to keep the leaves lush and green. The foliage of infested plants may become wilted, yellow and distorted and the plant will eventually die. Save money. Our Amaryllis bulbs ordered online arrive either bareroot which you can plant into your own pots, as part of kits that can be assembled at home, or pre-potted in baskets and a wide range of pots and cachepots, depending on the variety. Others keep the plant from year to year. Native to Peru and South Africa, the genus Amaryllis comes from the Greek word amarysso, which means "to sparkle." Amaryllis Bulbs and Water. Before you plant your bulb, soak it in lukewarm water for two to four hours. The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will have. Select the largest bulbs available for the desired plant variety as they will produce more stalks and blooms the first year. Stop feeding and watering when the leaves and stalk turn yellow. Amaryllis flowers range from 4 to 10 inches in size, and can be either single or double in form. They require repotting only every 3 or 4 years. Careful inspection when purchasing bulbs accompanied by proper care will prevent most insect infestations as well as diseases. Add the amaryllis bulb, then add more stones around it for stability. Let the leaves become brown and dry before cutting them off. Once your amaryllis flowers are gone for the season, it is time to learn how to care for an amaryllis in its replenishing stage. Growing Hippeastrum Amaryllis Indoors. Growing Instructions and Care Some individuals discard the amaryllis after flowering. If you do not have a suitable area for a pot, you may carefully remove the bulb and roots from the soil and place it in the crisper (vegetable drawer) of a refrigerator. Display the amaryllis away from drafts in a bright room, but not in direct sunlight. The fleshy layers of the bulb underneath these patches should be white and free of markings. The foliage will already be dying back. You can expect to see blooms in 6-12 weeks after planting. Amaryllis is a flowering bulb that produces a large, trumpet-like blossom from December until June. Care and Maintenance Here are some of the best things that you can do to make sure that your indoor amaryllis will grow: Once the flower fades, this does not mean that it is the end of the life of the plant. It requires regular fertilizing, watering, and a lot of indirect sunlight. Do not let the plant to sit in water as wet soil can promote bulb and root rot and attract pests. Seed formation will deplete important energy reserves in the bulb and reduce blooming. After bringing the potted amaryllis indoors, store the potted plant in a cool, dry, dark location such as a basement or closet. A southern window exposure is best, while an eastern-or western-facing window is second best. Some bulbs may have an offshoot growing from its base. Usually one or more flower stalks appear first, but occasionally they are preceded by leaves. The maggot larvae feed in the outer scales of the bulb and eventually work their way into the interior of the bulb. The exterior of the bulb may appear normal, but will reveal rotting tissue when pressed. Amaryllis Care. They will bloom again if allowed to continue to grow. Do not remove the flower stalk until it has turned yellow. They add dramatic color to homes and gardens, and make wonderful gifts to gardeners from beginners to experts. When all danger of frost is past in spring, acclimate the amaryllis plant to the outdoors by first placing it in shade or indirect light. Keep your amaryllis bulbs stored in a cool (40 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit), dry place until you are ready for planting. This can be accomplished by inducing the plant to go dormant and then storing the dormant bulb at a temperature of 50 to 55 degree F. Trim off any dead leaves. After bringing the potted amaryllis indoors, store the potted plant in a cool, dry, dark location such as a basement or closet. Sign up for our newsletter. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Carefully inspect amaryllis bulbs before purchasing and do not purchase damaged bulbs or bulbs with cankers. The main thing to keep in mind when growing amaryllis in water is not to let the bulb itself come in contact with the water, as this will promote rot. In the early fall when the amaryllis has become accustomed to being outdoors, slowly stop watering the plant. Let the leaves become brown and dry before cutting them off. Allow to drain completely. One of the best tips on growing amaryllis you can heed is to set a buzzer to remind you when to get the amaryllis in from the sun to avoid killing the plant.
2020 amaryllis care indoors